skyline
ELECTED OFFICIALS

bandstand

Last Website Update:
January 25, 2019 10:08 AM

Welcome to our State and Federal Officials Webpage

The Massachusetts Flag

seal

The coat of arms of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts consists of a blue shield with an Algonquin Native American on it. The Indian is dressed in a shirt, leggings and moccasins. He holds a gold bow in one hand and a gold arrow in the other hand. The point of the arrow is pointed down. In the upper right hand corner of the shield is a silver five-pointed star. Above the shield on a gold wreath is a right arm, bent at the elbow and grasping a gold broadsword. The motto of the Commonwealth is printed in gold on the blue ribbon partially surrounding the blue shield.

The shield of blue represents the Blue Hills of Canton and Milton, Massachusetts. The Indian depicted on the shield, Massachuset, is shown carrying the arrow with its tip pointed downward to indicate a friendly demeanor. The silver star of the coat of arms is designated as white (instead of silver) for the flag and represents Massachusetts as one of the thirteen original colonies of the United States.

The motto of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem, is printed in gold on a blue ribbon. It can be translated as "By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty." This motto is supported by the ruffle sleeved arm grasping a sword that is depicted above the shield.

Click on any topic at the left to view details and information.

Why Massachusetts is a Commonwealth

From 1776 to 1780 the words "State of Massachusetts Bay" appeared on the top of all acts and resolves. In 1780, the Massachusetts Constitution went into effect. Part Two of the Constitution, under the heading "Frame of Government" states: "that the people ... form themselves into a free, sovereign, and independent body politic, or state by the name of The Commonwealth of Massachusetts." Virginia (on June 29, 1776) and Pennsylvania (on September 25, 1776) adopted Constitutions which called their respective states commonwealths. Kentucky is also a commonwealth. Commonwealths are states, but the reverse is not true. Legally, we are a commonwealth because the term is contained in the Constitution.

In the era leading to 1780, a popular term for a whole body of people constituting a nation or state (the body politic) was the word "Commonwealth." This term was the preferred usage of some political writers. There also may have been some anti-monarchial sentiment in using the word commonwealth. John Adams utilized this term when framing the Massachusetts Constitution.

Adams wrote: "There is, however, a peculiar sense in which the words republic, commonwealth, popular state, are used by English and French writers, who mean by them a democracy, a government in one centre, and that centre a single assembly, chosen at stated periods by the people and invested with the whole sovereignty, the whole legislative, executive and judicial power to be included in a body or by committees as they shall think proper." (John Adams. Life and Works, vol. 5, p. 454)

List Massachusetts State Senator
3rd
Essex

Profile
Brendan Crighton | 3rd Essex

State House Office

Room 109-C
24 Beacon Street
Boston, MA 02133
Phone: (617) 722-1350
Email: Brendan.Crighton@masenate.gov
Party Affiliation - Democrat
 
List Massachusetts State Representatives
8th
Essex

Profile
Lori Ehrlich | 8th Essex

State House District Office

Room 167
24 Beacon Street
Boston, MA 02133
Phone: (617) 722-2810
Fax:
Email: Lori.Ehrlich@mahouse.gov
Party Affiliation -Democrat
 
9th
Essex

Profile
Donald H. Wong | 9th Essex

State House District Office

Room 541
24 Beacon Street
Boston, MA 02133
Phone: (617) 722-2488 - (781) 231-8041
Fax: (617) 626-0299
E-Mail: Donald.Wong@mahouse.gov
Party Affiliation - Republican
 
10th
Essex

Profile

Daniel Cahill | 10th Essex

State House District Office

Room 527-A
24 Beacon Street
Boston, MA 02133
Phone: (617) 722-2020
E-Mail: Dan.Cahill@mahouse.gov
Party Affiliation - Democrat

 
11th
Essex

Profile
Peter Capano | 11th Essex

State House District Office

Room B-1
24 Beacon Street
Boston, MA 02133
Phone: (617) 722-2425
Email:Peter.Capano@mahouse.gov
Party Affiliation - Democrat
List United States Congressman
  Seth Moulton | 6th District

Salem District Office

21 Front Street
Salem, MA 01970
Phone: (978) 531-1669
Fax: (978) 224-2270

Washington Office
1408 Longworth House Office Building
Washington, DC 20515
Phone: (202) 225-8020
Fax: (202) 225-5915

Website: http://moulton.house.gov/
Party Affiliation - Democrat
 
List United States Senators
 

Elizabeth Warren

Massachusetts Office

2400 JFK Building
15 New Sudbury Strret
Boston, MA 02203
Phone: (617) 565-3170

Springfield MA Office
1550 Main Street
Suite 406
Springfield, MA 01103
Phone: (413) 788-2690

Washington, DC Office
317 Hart Senate Office Building
Washington, DC 20510
Phone: 202-224-4543

Website: http://www.warren.senate.gov/
Party Affiliation - Democrat

 
  Edward Markey

Massachusetts Office
975 JFK Building
15 New Sudbury Strret
Boston, MA 02203
Phone: (617) 565-8519

Washington, DC Office

218 Russell Courtyard
Washington, DC 20510
Phone: (202) 224-2742
Website: http://www.markey.senate.gov/
Party Affiliation - Democrat
 

Acrobat (PDF) Software
PDF

Free Adobe Acrobat Software is required to view our PDF files. You can download the free software using the link below.

 
City of Lynn
Search | The City of Lynn Website
Translate | Select A Language

home | contact city hall | website map
Copyright - All Rights Reserved 2019

Spacer